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  • 吴云雨,肖宁,余玲,等.我国抗除草剂水稻种质创制研究进展[J].植物遗传资源学报,2021,22(4):890-899.    [点击复制]
  • WU Yun-yu,XIAO Ning,YU Ling,et al.Research Progress in Herbicide-resistant Rice Germplasm Innovation in China[J].植物遗传资源学报,2021,22(4):890-899.   [点击复制]
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我国抗除草剂水稻种质创制研究进展
吴云雨, 肖宁, 余玲, 蔡跃, 潘存红, 李育红, 张小祥, 黄年生, 周长海, 季红娟, 戴正元, 李爱宏
0
(江苏里下河地区农业科学研究所)
摘要:
水稻是我国最重要的粮食作物之一,稻田杂草是影响水稻产量和品质的主要因素。随着水稻直播稻等轻简化栽培种植面积的日益扩大,各种除草剂的应用日益普遍,除草剂的用量也逐渐增大,稻田抗性杂草及土壤高残留问题也日益严重。因此,加快各类除草剂抗性水稻种质创制与利用具有重要的意义。本文从除草剂的类型及其作用机理、我国抗除草剂水稻种质创制及应用等方面进行了综述,指出了我国抗除草剂水稻种质创制及应用过程中存在的问题并对今后抗除草剂水稻种质创制及应用的可能发展方向进行了探讨。
关键词:  水稻  除草剂  抗性种质  创制
DOI:10.13430/j.cnki.jpgr.20201103002
投稿时间:2020-11-03修订日期:2020-12-07
基金项目:江苏省农业科技自主创新项目(CX(19) 3050)
Research Progress in Herbicide-resistant Rice Germplasm Innovation in China
WU Yun-yu, XIAO Ning, YU Ling, CAI Yue, PAN Cun-hong, LI Yu-hong, ZHANG Xiao-xiang, HUANG Nian-sheng, ZHOU Chang-hai, JI Hong-juan, DAI Zheng-yuan, LI Ai-hong
(Jiangsu Lixiahe Institute of Agricultural Sciences)
Abstract:
Rice is one of the most important grain crops in China, and weeds in paddy fields are the main factors affecting the yield and quality of rice. With the increase of planting areas of direct-seeded rice and light and simplified cultivation, the application of various herbicides has become increasingly common, the application rates of the herbicides have gradually increased, and the problems of resistant weeds and high residues in paddy fields have become increasingly serious. Therefore, it is of great significance to accelerate the innovation and utilization of various herbicide-resistant rice germplasms. In this paper, the types and mechanisms of herbicides, the research progress on herbicide-resistant rice germplasm innovation and application in China are reviewed, with existing problems and possible development direction discussed.
Key words:  rice  herbicide  resistant germplasm  innovation

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