引用本文
  •    [点击复制]
  •    [点击复制]
【打印本页】 【在线阅读全文】【下载PDF全文】 查看/发表评论下载PDF阅读器关闭

过刊浏览    高级检索

本文已被:浏览 558次   下载 0  
油菜素类固醇相关基因调控植株矮化研究进展
王东磊1, 王志权1, 李 青1, 欧阳素影1, 杨博智1, 张志硕3, 刘 峰2, 胡博文1,邹学校1
0
(1湖南农业大学园艺学院/园艺作物种质创新与新品种选育教育部工程研究中心/蔬菜生物学湖南省重点实验室,长沙410128;2湖南省农科院蔬菜研究所,长沙410125;3南京农业大学园艺学院,南京210095)
摘要:
矮化是作物中的一种重要的的农艺性状,可减少倒伏,增强抗逆性并提高产量。油菜素类固醇是一种重要的新型植物激素,在植物生长发育过程中调控着植物的株高。导致油菜素类固醇水平降低或油菜素类固醇信号传导受损的突变都会产生矮化。本文重点综述了各途径中导致矮化表型出现的突变基因。这些基因的发现,拓展了矮化作物育种的种质和遗传基础,为矮化种质资源创制和矮化新品种快速选育提供理论依据。
关键词:  矮化  油菜素类固醇  油菜素类固醇合成  油菜素类固醇信号转导  矮化基因
DOI:10.13430/j.cnki.jpgr.20200828002
投稿时间:2021-02-02修订日期:2021-02-02
基金项目:辣椒果实形态建成关键基因挖掘及遗传功能解析(U19A2028)
Research Progress of Brassinosteroid-related Genes Regulating Plant Dwarfing
WANG Dong-lei1, WANG Zhi-quan1,LI Qing1,OU YANG Su-yin1,YANG Bo-zhi1,ZHANG Zhi-shuo3,LIU Feng2,HU Bo-wen1,ZOU Xue-xiao1
(1College of Horticulture, Hunan Agricultural University / Engineering Research Center for Horticultural Crop Germplasm Creation and New Variety Breeding, Ministry of Education / Key Laboratory for Vegetable Biology of Hunan Province, Changsha 410128; 2,Vegetable Research Institute of Hunan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changsha 410125; 3,College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095)
Abstract:
Dwarfing is an important agronomic trait in crops, which can reduce lodging, enhance stress resistance and increase yield. Brassinosteroid is an important new plant hormone that regulates plant height during plant growth and development. Mutations that cause a decrease in Brassinosteroid level or impair Brassinosteroid signaling will produce a dwarf phenotype. This article focuses on the mutated genes that induce the dwarf phenotype in each pathway. The discovery of these genes has expanded the germplasm and genetic basis of dwarf crop breeding, and provides a theoretical basis for the creation of dwarf germplasm resources and rapid breeding of new dwarf varieties.
Key words:  dwarfing  Brassinosteroid  Brassinosteroid synthesis  Brassinosteroid signal transduction  dwarfing genes

用微信扫一扫

用微信扫一扫